A ship rat attacks a fantail/pīwakawaka at its nest

Image: David Mudge | DOC


Aerial 1080 operations help protect New Zealand’s native plants and animals from extinction.


The biggest threat to our wildlife is predation by introduced pests such as rats, stoats and possums. About 80% of our bird species are at risk of extinction. 

We face a choice: unchecked pests and silent forests, or pest control and the survival of our native species.

Aerial 1080 is effective

Monitoring data show that aerial 1080 operations are effective at protecting our native species, returning birdsong to our wild spaces and increasing reptile populations. And by reducing the browsing pressures on ecosystems, threatened plants are making a comeback, increasing biodiversity and resilience.

DOC relies on an abundance of independent, scientific research reviewed by external agencies to ensure we keep people and the environment safe.  


What is 1080?

1080 is the common name for a biodegradable poison called sodium fluoroacetate. It's made synthetically, but fluoroacetate is also produced naturally by some plants to deter browsing.

Cereal, sugar, flavour and dye are added to most of the 1080 pellets used for pest control in New Zealand. The toxin is 0.15% of the bait. Deer repellent may also be added. 

Fit for New Zealand

1080 targets mammals, and New Zealand is unusual in that all our ground-dwelling mammals are introduced pests. Countries with endangered land mammals don't use 1080 as broadly.

Frequently asked questions

1080 FAQ – Forest & Bird

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